Zoning Code | Land Uses

Administrative government center A place where government employees perform administrative functions on behalf of the public. The term includes administrative offices, post offices, and courthouses.
Administrative services A place where employees primarily perform administrative functions and where customers are infrequent. The term includes data processing centers, customer service centers via telecommunications, architectural firms, and engineering firms.
Adult family home A private residence licensed by the state under s. 50.032 (1m), Wis. Stats.
Commentary: An adult family home can either be a principal use or an accessory use. If the operator lives in the residence with the adults, it is considered an accessory use.
Adult family home (accessory) A private residence licensed by the state under s. 50.032 (1m), Wis. Stats.
Commentary: An adult family home can either be a principal use or an accessory use. If the operator lives in the residence with the adults, it is considered an accessory use.
Adult-oriented establishment A place where no more than one of the following are located: adult arcade, adult bath house, adult body painting studio, adult book/video store, adult cabaret, adult massage parlor, adult modeling studio, or adult theater.
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Agriculture related use A place primarily involved in (1) providing agricultural supplies, agricultural equipment, agricultural inputs, or agricultural services; (2) storing, processing, or handling raw agricultural commodities; (3) slaughtering livestock; (4) marketing livestock; and/or (5) processing agricultural byproducts or wastes. Examples include (1) a grain warehouse, potato warehouse, or other warehouse that stores raw agricultural commodities received from farms; (2) a dairy plant that processes or handles milk from farms; (3) a meat slaughter establishment; (4) a food processing plant that processes raw agricultural commodities received from farms; (5) a feed mill or rendering plant that processes raw agricultural commodities or agricultural by-products received directly from farms, or supplies animal feed directly to farms; (6) a communal manure digester, pelletizing plant, or other facility that processes raw agricultural commodities, agricultural by-products or agricultural wastes (received directly from farms) to produce fuel or other products; (7) a sawmill or other facility that processes wood or other forest products received directly from farms; (8) a facility that provides farm inputs such as fertilizer, pesticides, seed, or feed directly to farms; and (9) a facility that is primarily engaged in providing agronomic or veterinary services to farms. The term also includes any other use that the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection (DATCP) has identified by rule as an agriculture related use. The term does not include a sawmill, an ethanol plant, or a bio-diesel plant.
Agriculture, 35 acres or less A place where nursery stock, trees, sod, fruit, vegetables, flowers, agricultural crops and forage, and other plants are primarily grown for commercial purposes and/or livestock is raised primarily for commercial purposes. Buildings and other structures necessary for the operation are allowed. The term does not include commercial stables.
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Agriculture, crop A place where nursery stock, trees, sod, fruit, vegetables, flowers, agricultural crops and forage, and other plants typically grown by agricultural operations in the region are grown.
Agriculture, general A place where nursery stock, trees, sod, fruit, vegetables, flowers, agricultural crops and forage, and other plants are primarily grown for commercial purposes and/or animals, but not exceeding 500 animal units, are raised primarily for commercial purposes. Buildings and other structures necessary for the operation are allowed. The term does not include commercial stables.
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Agriculture, intensive An agricultural operation where animals (500 animal units or more) are kept for commercial purposes and where agricultural crops and forage may be raised as well.
Agriculture, more than 35 acres A place where nursery stock, trees, sod, fruit, vegetables, flowers, agricultural crops and forage, and other plants are primarily grown for commercial purposes and/or livestock is raised primarily for commercial purposes. Buildings and other structures necessary for the operation are allowed. The term does not include commercial stables.
Agro-ecology center A facility designed for the purpose of providing training in the techniques of agro-ecology, sustainable agricultural systems, and similar disciplines. An agro-ecology center generally conducts (theoretical and applied) research and community outreach while offering academic education, practical experience/training, and public service/instruction opportunities for audiences ranging from local school children to international agencies. Such a facility may provide meals and overnight lodging facilities for faculty, staff, and/or students/apprentices.
Airport A place where airplanes, ultralights, helicopters, or similar aircraft may land and takeoff. This use may also include facilities for the housing and maintenance of the same and facilities for passenger ticket sales and accessory food service areas primarily intended for pilots and passengers.
Amateur radio and/or citizens band antenna An antenna and related support structure used to send and receive telecommunications for noncommercial purposes.
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Artisan shop A place where handmade craft items or works of art are made on a small-scale and offered for retail sale. Examples of such items include paintings, textiles, photography, sculptures, pottery, leather products, handmade paper, jewelry, hand-blown glass, small wooden items, candles, soaps, and lotions.
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Backyard chickens A place where chickens are kept for the use and enjoyment of those living on the premises, but not for commercial purposes. The sale of a chicken as part of a 4-H or similar educational project shall not be considered a commercial purpose. (Also see household livestock, which is considered a separate and distinct accessory use.)
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Bed and breakfast A single-family residence that offers overnight accommodations for a daily charge and that also serves as a primary residence of the operator or owner.
Bird hunting preserve A place where game birds are released into the wild for commercial hunting purposes.
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Boat yard An outdoor area where watercraft may be kept in dry storage during the off season or while not in use.
Body-piercing establishment A place where a body piercer performs body piercing.
Brewpub A place where fermented malt beverages are manufactured and those beverages, along with other beverages and food, are offered for retail sale and on-site consumption.
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Bulk fuel storage A place where liquid or compressed fuel products may be stored in bulk.
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Bus parking The parking of a school bus on a residential parcel overnight as an accessory use.
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Bus storage facility A place where buses are parked when not in use and may include administrative offices and a building for the storage, care, and maintenance of buses in the fleet .
Campground A place where members of the general public may set up tents, campers and trailers of all types, and recreational vehicles for camping and sleeping purposes. Accessory uses may include individual cabins, a dwelling unit for the manager of the campground, and one or more buildings to house a laundromat and retail sales for the convenience of campground guests, an office, maintenance equipment, supplies, and related materials.
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Cemetery A place where human remains may be buried or interned. Accessory uses may include columbariums, crematories, mausoleums, and mortuaries when operated in conjunction with and within the boundaries of such area.
Civic use facility A place where large gatherings of people may assemble for public purposes. The term includes zoos, arenas, stadiums, and fairgrounds.
Commercial kennel A place not qualifying as a private kennel or a hobby kennel where dogs, cats, or other domesticated animals are housed for the purpose of boarding, breeding, training, or sale. The term includes boarding kennels, dog motels, and dog training centers. The term does not include animal hospitals, animal grooming parlors, or pet shops.
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Commercial stable A place where horses, donkeys, and other similar domesticated animals are kept for boarding, instructional purposes, or hire on trail rides.
Commercial truck parking The parking and the storage of commercial type vehicles such as dump trucks, school buses, construction vehicles, and semi-trailers and tractors, and related equipment on a residential parcel as an accessory use.
Community center A place where short-term and intermittent meetings or gatherings of individuals are held for purposes of sharing information, entertainment, social service, or similar activities. The term includes senior centers; neighborhood recreational centers; fraternal, social, or civic clubs; lodges; and union halls.
Community cultural facility A place where people may gather for studying, reading, personal education, or viewing the visual arts. The term includes libraries, museums, art galleries, and observatories. The term does not include performing arts.
Community living arrangement, 8 or fewer residents Any one of the following facilities with 8 or fewer residents (1) residential care centers for children and youth, as defined in s. 48.02(15d), Wis. Stats., operated by a child welfare agency licensed under s. 48.60, Wis. Stats.; (2) group homes for children, as defined in s. 48.02(7), Wis. Stats.; and (3) community-based residential facilities, as defined in s. 50.01(lg), Wis. Stats. The term does not include adult family homes, as defined in s. 50.01, Wis. Stats.
Community living arrangement, 9-15 residents Any one of the following facilities with 9 to 15 residents (1) residential care centers for children and youth, as defined in s. 48.02(15d), Wis. Stats., operated by a child welfare agency licensed under s. 48.60, Wis. Stats.; (2) group homes for children, as defined in s. 48.02(7), Wis. Stats.; and (3) community-based residential facilities, as defined in s. 50.01(lg), Wis. Stats. The term does not include adult family homes, as defined in s. 50.01, Wis. Stats.
Composting facility A place where vegetation (but not food wastes) may be collected and composted. The term includes the storage and manipulation of materials prior to, during, and following composting.
Construction equipment repair A place where construction equipment, such as dump trucks, excavators, graders, and scrappers, are typically left overnight for maintenance, service, or repair.
Construction equipment sales and service A place where new and used construction equipment, such as dump trucks, excavators, graders, and scrapers, are offered for rent, sale, lease, or exchange, or are taken on consignment. This use may include the repair of such equipment.
Contractor yard A place where a contractor or builder may establish a base of operation, which may include one or more of the following: office space; indoor and outdoor storage of construction materials, equipment, and machinery, such as trucks and heavy equipment; and shops for the repair of machinery and equipment owned by the operator.
Convenience retail sales A place where a limited product line of frequently needed personal items is offered for retail sale. The term includes convenience stores and small grocery stores.
Craft brewery, winery, or distillery An establishment where beer, malt beverages, and/or spirits are made on the premises in comparatively small batches and then sold onsite and/or distributed off-site.
Dam An artificial barrier in or across a navigable watercourse which has the primary purpose of impounding or diverting water. A dam includes all appurtenant works, such as a dike, canal, or powerhouse.
Driving range A place where golfers practice driving golf balls from a fixed central location. This use may include one or more buildings and other structures directly related to the operation of this use, such as an office, snack bar, and buildings for housing maintenance equipment, supplies, and related materials.
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Earth materials stockpile A place where an earth material, such as topsoil and gravel, is piled and temporarily stored. The earth material must be derived from an on-site land development project and/or be used on site.
Educational facility, post-secondary A place where post-secondary educational opportunities are offered. The term includes colleges, universities, community colleges, and vocational schools.
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Educational facility, pre-K through 12 A place where primary and secondary educational opportunities are offered. The term includes preschools, elementary schools, junior high schools, and high schools.
Equipment rental A place where equipment is offered for rent and related supplies are offered for retail sale or rent. Items for rent or sale are predominantly stored indoors and may include hand tools, party equipment, and lawn and yard equipment.
Exterior communication device An antenna used to capture wireless telecommunication signals.
Family day care home A private residence licensed as a day care center by the state where care is provided for 4 to 8 children.
Commentary: See s. 66.1017, Wis. Stats. A group day care (9 or more children) is considered a principal use and is therefore listed as a special care facility (5.0 series).
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Farm building for non-farm storage A building once used for agricultural purposes in which motor vehicles, construction equipment and vehicles, recreational vehicles, boats, and other related items not owned by the property owner may be stored, with or without a fee. Minor repair and maintenance of those objects in storage is permitted, provided such activity is for noncommercial purposes.
Farm education Farm tours and how-to clinics or classes related to farming, farm life, or food (e.g., gardening, cooking, canning produce, jam-making, candle making, soap making, flower arranging, quilting).
Farm recreation One or more of the following or similar activities: sleigh/hay rides, corn maze, haunted house, ropes course, pumpkin cannons, zip lines, paint ball courses, and obstacle courses.
Farm residence A dwelling unit occupied by an owner or operator of the farm, a parent or child of an owner or operator of the farm, or an individual who earns more than 50 percent of his or her gross income from the farm.
Farm restaurant A place where food and beverages are offered for retail sale primarily for on-site consumption, and where the on-site consumption of fermented malt beverages, wine, or liquor, if any, is clearly secondary and subordinate to the sale of food and nonalcoholic beverages. A farm restaurant may also prepare food as part of a catering business.
Farm store A retail outlet that features agricultural products and goods derived from the farm on which the farm store is located and other farms in the region. Non-agriculturally related products such, as T-shirts, other clothing, and knick-knacks, may be offered so long as such products are clearly subordinate in number and scale to the featured agricultural products and goods.
Farmers market A place where agricultural producers gather on a regular basis to offer their agricultural products directly to retail consumers.
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Farmstand, off-site A place where agricultural products not produced on the premises are offered for sale at retail.
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Farmstand, on-site A place where agricultural products produced exclusively on the premises are offered for sale at retail.
Fee fishing An operation that provides the opportunity for anglers to pay a fee for the right to fish on a farm. 
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Fence A linear structure constructed for aesthetics, as a visual barrier, and/or to control entry or exit into an area. Typical materials include wood, metal, wire, masonry, stacked rocks, or logs.
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Financial services A place where financial and banking services are offered. The term includes banks, savings and loan institutions, other lending institutions, auto title loan businesses, and payday loan businesses.
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Forestry The harvesting, thinning, and planting of trees and related forest management activities whether for commercial or noncommercial purposes. The term includes temporary skidding yards necessary to store and sort logs harvested on the premises. The term does not include on-site processing and permanent skidding yards.
Foster home / treatment foster home A place licensed by the state for the care of foster children and which is operated by a corporation, child welfare agency, church, or other such entity.
Commentary: See s. 48.62, Wis. Stats. A foster home and treatment foster home can either be a principal use or an accessory use. If the operator lives in the residence with the children, it is considered an accessory use.
Foster home and treatment foster home A facility licensed by the state for the care of foster children and which is operated by a foster parent who lives with the children.
Commentary: See s. 48.62, Wis. Stats. A foster home and treatment foster home can either be a principal use or an accessory use. If the operator lives in the residence with the children, it is considered an accessory use.
Funeral home A place where the deceased may be prepared for burial or cremation and people may gather for visitation or funeral ceremonies. The indoor display of funeral equipment may also occur. The term includes mortuaries.
Garage, nonresidential A building intended to house motor vehicles, yard equipment, and/or items related to the principal use of the premises.
Garage, residential A building intended to house motor vehicles, yard equipment, and household items belonging to the people occupying the principal residence on the lot. A residential garage may be detached or attached to a building with a residential use.
General repair A place where consumer goods such as shoes, bicycles, appliances, and business equipment are repaired. The term does not include repair of motor vehicles or industrial equipment.
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General retail sales A place where a diverse product line is offered for retail sale. The term includes grocery stores, retail outlets, comparison shopping stores, full-line department stores, and dollar stores.
General retail sales, large format (1) A single building that contains more than 20,000 gross square feet on a single parcel where the primary tenant occupies 65 percent or more of the gross floor area, (2) two or more buildings with a total of 20,000 gross square feet on a single parcel where the primary tenant occupies 65 percent or more of the gross floor area, or (3) a group of buildings on adjoining lots with more than 20,000 gross square feet of floor where the primary tenant owns the lots and occupies 65 percent or more of the gross floor area. The term does not include a retail store that is part of an industrial building or warehouse when the floor area of such store is less than 20,000 gross square feet.
General services A place where services not otherwise included in any other service type category are offered. The term includes photography studios, weight loss centers, commercial postal services, beauty shops, pet grooming shops, photocopying and printing services, linen services, dry cleaning services, and diaper services.
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Golf course A place where individuals, for a fee or other consideration, play golf outdoors. This use may include one or more buildings and other structures directly related to the operation of this use, such as an office, game room with snack bar, and buildings for housing maintenance equipment, supplies, and related materials.
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Greenhouse A place where fruit, vegetables, flowers, and other types of plants are grown within an enclosed building for commercial purposes, whether using sunlight or artificial lighting. For the purpose of this definition, a mushroom farm is considered a greenhouse.
Greenhouse A building, intended for the propagation of delicate or out-of-season plants, whose roof and sides are made largely of glass or other transparent or translucent material and in which the temperature and humidity can be regulated.
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Group day care center A place licensed as a day care by the state where care is provided for 9 or more children. This use may include outdoor play areas, playhouses, and related recreational equipment, such as swings, slides, basketball hoops, and jungle gyms.

Commentary: A family day care home (4-8 children) is considered an accessory use and is therefore listed in the 18 series
Group recreation camp A place where members of an association or other similar group, which operates the premises, and their invited guests may set up tents, campers and trailers of all types, and recreational vehicles for camping and sleeping purposes or stay overnight in a lodge, cabin, or other similar accommodation. Accessory uses may include a dwelling unit for the manager of the camp, sleeping accommodations for resident staff, and one or more buildings to house guest services, administrative offices, recreational facilities, maintenance equipment, supplies, and related materials. The term includes youth camps and church camps.
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Health care center A place where medical treatment, or nursing, rehabilitative, or preventative care is offered. The term includes ambulatory surgical facilities, hospitals, kidney treatment centers, long-term care facilities, medical assistance facilities, mental health centers, outpatient facilities, public health centers, and rehabilitation facilities.
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Health care clinic A place where medical services are offered and patients do not stay overnight. The term includes dental clinics, medical offices, chiropractic offices, acupuncture centers, and sports medicine facilities. The term does not include those uses as classified as a health care center.
Home occupation An occupation, profession, enterprise, or similar commercial activity that is conducted by a person residing on the residential premises as accessory use with no more than one non-resident worker. The term does not include hobbies or similar noncommercial activities.
Hospice care center A place licensed by the state that provides palliative and supportive care and a place of residence to individuals with terminal illness and provides or arranges for short-term inpatient care as needed.
Hot tub An outdoor warm water reservoir usually with hydromassage jets. A hot tub may be built in or portable.
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Household livestock A place where livestock are kept primarily for the use and enjoyment of those living on the premises and occasional commercial purposes. (Also see backyard chickens, which is considered a separate and distinct accessory use.)
Indoor entertainment A place where indoor entertainment is offered. The term includes theaters, movie theaters, dance halls, and theaters for performing arts. The term does not include adult-oriented establishments.
Indoor recreation A place where indoor recreational activities are offered. The term includes bowling alleys, skating rinks, billiard and pool halls, and arcades.
Industrial, heavy A place where raw materials are processed or refined. The term includes batching plants, sawmills, foundries, and power plants. The term does not include a biofuels production plant which is listed as a separate land use in this series.
Industrial, light A place where finished products or parts from previously prepared materials are manufactured, including processing, fabrication, assembly, treatment, packaging, incidental storage, and administrative offices. The term includes furniture production, metal fabrication, apparel manufacturing, printing, and publishing.
In-law dwelling unit A room or suite of rooms having a separate kitchen facility, located in a single-family dwelling, occupied by not more than two persons related by blood or marriage to the family occupying the primary portion of the dwelling.
Instructional services A place where instruction, training, or tutelage is offered in such areas as gymnastics, dance, art, music, and martial arts.
Kennel, hobby A place where 4 or more, but less than 11 adult dogs or other pet animals are kept for the occupant’s private, non-commercial purposes. The term also includes the sale and training of up to 2 litters per year.
Commentary: A commercial kennel is considered a principal use and is therefore listed in Series 10.
Kennel, private A place where no more than 3 adult dogs or other pets are kept for the occupant’s private, non-commercial purposes. The term also includes the sale and training of up to 2 litters per year.
Landscape business A place where a landscape contractor may establish a base of operation, which may include one or more of the following: retail sale of plant and landscape materials; office space; indoor and outdoor storage of materials, equipment, and machinery, such as trucks and heavy equipment; and shops for the repair of machinery and equipment owned by the operator.
Light industrial use incidental to sales/service A place where light repairs are made to products that are offered for retail or wholesale sale.
Maintenance garage A place where a municipal government maintains administrative offices, equipment, and supplies necessary for maintaining public roadways, parks, and other types of public facilities.
Mixed-use housing One or more dwelling units located in a building, commonly on the second floor, that also houses a commercial land use, such as retail use or a professional office.
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Model home A residential dwelling in a residential development temporarily used as a sales office for other on-site and off-site residential dwellings and properties.
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Multi-family, 2 units A building containing two dwelling units that is situated on one lot.
Multi-family, 3 to 5 units A building containing three, four, or five dwelling units that is situated on one lot.
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Nonmetallic mine A place where nonmetallic minerals are removed from the ground by any method for use on-site or off-site. The following activities may be associated with a nonmetallic mine: excavating and transporting nonmetallic minerals, stockpiling of nonmetallic minerals, blending of nonmetallic minerals, blasting, grading, crushing, screening, scalping, and dewatering.
Commentary: A number of activiities that meet the definition of nonmetallic mine are exempted as listed in Section 500-542..
Nursing home A place where 5 or more persons who are not related to the operator or administrator reside, receive care or treatment and, because of their mental or physical condition, require 24-hour nursing services, including limited nursing care, intermediate level nursing care, and skilled nursing services. The term does not include (1) a convent or facility owned or operated exclusively by and for members of a religious order that provides reception and care or treatment of an individual, (2) a hospice as defined in state law, or (3) a residential care apartment complex as defined in state law.
Off-site construction yard A place where construction materials and equipment may be stored, prepped, or staged for an off-site construction project (e.g., highway reconstruction project or construction of an electric transmission line or pipeline).
On-site construction office A portable building or enclosed trailer temporarily placed on a construction site for use by the contractor as a field office.
On-site construction yard A place where construction materials, equipment, and the like may be stored, prepped, or staged for an on-site construction project.
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Outdoor entertainment A place where outdoor, spectator-type uses or events are offered. The term includes race tracks, motocross courses, tractor-pulling events, and sports arenas.
Outdoor food and beverage service An outdoor area with tables and chairs located on the same lot as a brewpub, restaurant, or tavern where customers can consume food and drink.
Outdoor recreation A place where outdoor recreational activities are offered. The term includes miniature golf, batting cages, water parks, and amusement parks. The term does not include driving ranges and golf courses, parks, shooting ranges, and recreational trails.
Outdoor sales A place where the merchandise offered for sale is primarily displayed outside of a building or other structure. This term does not include those land uses otherwise defined in this section.
Outdoor shooting range An outdoor area where patrons shoot guns, such as pistols, rifles, and shotguns, and bow and arrows for target practice. The term includes archery ranges, trap and skeet clubs, and target ranges.
Overnight lodging A place where individual guest rooms with private bathrooms are offered to transient guests for rent. This use may also include (1) recreational/fitness rooms and a food service area for the exclusive use of guests and (2) banquet facilities for meetings and other gatherings. The term includes hotels and motels but does not include bed and breakfasts.
Park A place where primarily outdoor recreational activities may occur. A park may be operated by a public entity for the benefit of the general public or by a homeowners association for the benefit of its members. A park may be developed with recreational facilities or undeveloped. The term includes dog parks and neighborhood recreation centers.
Park-and-ride lot A designated place where people can park their motor vehicles for a short duration to board public transportation or to carpool or vanpool.
Party tent A nonpermanent tent that is associated with a temporary event that is permitted under this chapter.
Personal storage facility A place where individual storage units are offered for rent, lease, sale, or other arrangement. The term includes a tract of land used to store motor vehicles and watercraft.
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Petting farm An operation where the public is invited to pet and touch farm animals, but not exotic animals.
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Play structure A playhouse and recreational equipment, such as swings, slides, basketball hoops, and jungle gyms, normally found in a residential setting or with a group day care center.
Pond A manmade body of water with a surface area observed or recorded within the last ten years of at least 5,000 square feet that is not otherwise required to meet stormwater requirements of a development project.
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Portable storage container An enclosed metal container that is used to temporarily store household items and similar goods.
Professional services A place where services involving predominant¬ly professional, clerical, or similar operations are preformed and where customers may or could come on a regular basis. The term includes law offices, real estate offices, insurance offices, and travel agencies.
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Public safety facility A place where public safety services are offered. The term includes ambulance services, fire stations, police stations, and jails. The term does not include correctional facilities.
Radio broadcast facility A free-standing tower with or without an equipment compound and other structures that is intended for the regular provision of a commercial or noncommercial service involving the transmission, emission, or reception of radio waves for the transmission of sound or images in which the transmissions are intended for direct reception by the general public.
Railroad line A linear strip of land with rail tracks and auxiliary facilities for track operation such as signal bungalows. The term does not include passenger stations, freight terminals, loading platforms, train sheds, warehouses, car or locomotive maintenance shops, and switchyards. The term further does not include properties owned by a railroad company that are leased for use by others.
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Recreation trail A place where a linear path may be dedicated to a single recreational use or multiple uses. Examples include hiking trails, bike trails, cross-country ski trails, and horse trails.
Recycling center A place where recoverable materials, which have been previously removed from the waste stream, may be stored prior to shipment to others who use those materials to manufacture new products. Typical recoverable materials include glass, paper, metal, and plastic. The term does not include salvage yard.
Relocatable building A portable building or enclosed trailer temporarily placed on a parcel that may be used in conjunction with the principal use of the property. For example, relocatable buildings are used to house students during a construction project or accommodate enrollment in excess of the principal building’s design capacity. A mobile home or manufactured home is not considered a relocatable building.
Resort A place with lodging facilities and on-site amenities primarily intended for the use of overnight guests. Guest rooms may be located in one or more buildings and may include kitchen facilities. In addition to lodging facilities and recreational amenities, such as golf, horseback riding, or lake/beach access, a resort may also include a lodge or other gathering place for guests, dining facilities, administrative facilities, and maintenance and storage facilities.
Restaurant A place where food and beverages are offered for retail sale for on-site or off-site consumption, and where the on-site consumption of fermented malt beverages, wine, or liquor, if any, is clearly secondary and subordinate to the sale of food and nonalcoholic beverages. A restaurant may also prepare food as part of a catering business. The term does not include a grocery store with a food service section.
Retaining wall, major A single retaining wall that is more than 4 feet in height above finished grade, or a series of retaining walls more than 6 feet in total height where the distance between the top of first wall and the base of the second wall is less than twice the height of the second wall.
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Retaining wall, minor A single retaining wall, less than 4 feet above finished grade, that is constructed to resist the lateral pressure of soil, loose rock, and the like creating a step in the grade of a site.
Retirement home A place where individuals, generally 62 years of age or older, may occupy independent dwelling units. The units may be rented or owned as in a condominium. This use may include limited on-site commercial and medical facilities for the exclusive use of residents.
Rural accessory building A structure so designated consistent with division 15 of article 6 of this chapter.
Sales incidental to industrial use A place where items manufactured on site are offered for sale as a subordinate use to the manufacturing operation.
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Seasonal product sales An outdoor area where merchandise typically associated with a seasonal holiday or festival is displayed and offered for sale at retail immediately before the event. Examples of such merchandise include Christmas trees and wreaths for Christmas and pumpkins for Halloween.
Service window, drive-up An opening in a building through which patrons are served while remaining in a motor vehicle.
Service window, walk-up An opening in a building through which patrons are served while standing outside of the building.
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Single-family dwelling A building containing one dwelling unit that is situated on one lot and is not attached to any other dwelling unit by any means. The term includes manufactured homes, modular homes, panelized homes, pre-cut homes, and site-built homes, but excludes mobile homes.
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Solar energy system, building-mounted An installation that uses sunlight to produce electricity or provide heat or hot water to a building. For the purposes of this code, a solar energy system may be classified as a free-standing system or a building-mounted system.
Solar energy system, free-standing An installation that uses sunlight to produce electricity or provide heat or hot water to a building. For the purposes of this code, a solar energy system may be classified as a free-standing system or a building-mounted system.
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Solar power plant A free-standing solar energy system that constitutes the principal use of the property or that exceeds the limitations established for a free-standing solar energy system as an accessory use.
Commentary: See the 18 series for accessory uses.
Solid waste transfer station A place where solid waste may be temporarily stored prior to transport to a processing plant or to final disposal.
Special event An event of limited duration which is open to the public and is not otherwise permitted in the zoning district. Examples include auctions, art fairs, festivals, fundraisers, and races.
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Storage container An enclosed metal container exceeding 900 cubic feet typically used to temporarily store merchandise.
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Stormwater management facility A natural or manmade feature that collects, conveys, channels, holds, inhibits, or diverts the movement of stormwater.
Street A surfaced travelway for motor vehicles that is located within an easement or right-of-way.
Swimming pool A structure placed on the ground surface or below-ground that is filled with water for swimming. The term does not include those pools that are less than 15 feet in diameter and which are taken down and stored in the off-season.
Tattoo establishment A place where a tattooist applies a tattoo to another individual.
Tavern A place where fermented malt beverages, wine, or liquor are offered for retail sale for on-site consumption and where food consumption, if any, is clearly secondary and subordinate to the sale of alcoholic beverages. The term includes bars, drinking establishments, sports bar, and lounges.
Telecommunication collocation (class 1) The placement of a new mobile service facility on an existing support system which constitutes a substantial modification.
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Telecommunication collocation (class 2) The placement of a new mobile service facility on an existing support system which does not constitute a substantial modification.
Telecommunication tower A free-standing tower with or without an equipment compound that is intended for the placement of one or more mobile service facilities.
Truck terminal A place where goods carried by motor transport are received and temporarily stored until transferred to another truck for delivery.
U-Cut Christmas tree operation A place where customers can harvest their own Christmas tree.
U-Pick operation A farm operation where customers can pick or harvest fruits and vegetables directly from the plants grown on the premises.
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Utility cabinet A ground-mounted pedestal, junction box, cabinet, or similar feature that a service provider uses to provide telephone, electric, natural gas, cable television, cable Internet, or similar public service. A utility cabinet may be located within a public right-of-way or on private property.
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Utility installation, major A place, building and/or structure, or portion thereof, whether public or private, used or is intended for providing basic infrastructure or utility services and which could potentially have a moderate to high impact on neighboring property. The term includes pipeline pumping stations, sewage treatment plants, electric substations, water towers, electric transmission lines with a design capacity of 110 kilowatts or more, and underground pipelines.
Utility installation, minor A utility installation generally having low impact on neighboring property. The term includes public water system wells, without a tower; below ground sewer lift stations; and stormwater pumping stations. The term does not include utility cabinets, which are classified as an accessory use (Series 18).
Utility maintenance yard A place where a public or private entity maintains administrative offices, equipment, and supplies necessary for maintaining the infrastructure it provides.
Vehicle fuel station A place where fuels for cars, motorcycles, and light trucks are offered for retail sale. Ancillary uses are limited to the retail sale of food and beverages and light maintenance activities, such as engine tune-ups, lubrication, and minor repairs. The term does not include truck stops or similar uses.
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Vehicle repair shop A place where motor vehicles, such as cars, motorcycles, and light trucks, are typically left overnight for maintenance, service, or repair. Typical services include transmission repair, body work and painting, vehicle upholstery, engine repair and overhauls, and similar activities. (in contrast see vehicle service shop)
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Vehicle sales and rental A place where new and used cars, light trucks, motorcycles, mopeds, snowmobiles, recreational vehicles, and all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) are offered for rent, sale, lease, or exchange, or are taken on consignment. This use may include the repair of such vehicles as a subordinate u